Early life and cricket career
Khan was born into an affluent Pashtun family in Lahore and was educated at elite colleges in Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the United Kingdom, as well as the Royal descriptive linguistics faculty in Worcester and Aitchison faculty in city. there have been many accomplished cricket players in his family, as well as 2 elder cousins, Javed Burki and Majid Khan, WHO each served as captains of the Pakistani national team. Imran Khan vie cricket in Islamic Republic of Pakistan and also the uk in his teens and continued enjoying whereas learning philosophy, politics, and political economy at the University of Oxford. Khan vie his 1st match for Pakistan’s national team in 1971, however he didn’t take a permanent place on the team till once his graduation from Oxford in 1976.
By the first Nineteen Eighties Khan had distinguished himself as associate degree exceptional bowler and all arounder, and he was named captain of the Pakistani team in 1982. Khan’s athletic talent and beauty created him a star in Asian nation and European country, and his regular appearances at trendy London nightclubs provided fodder for a people tabloid press. In 1992 Khan achieved his greatest athletic success once he light-emitting diode the Pakistani team to its 1st World Cup title, defeating European country within the final. He retired that very same year, having secured a name in concert of the best cricket players in history.
After 1992 Khan remained within the limelight as a presenter. He old a non secular rousing, clutch Sufi mysticism and shedding his earlier pleasure seeker image. In one amongst his philanthropic endeavours, Khan acted because the primary fund-raiser for the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital, a specialised cancer hospital in Lahore, that opened in 1994. The hospital was named once Khan’s mother, World Health Organization had died of cancer in 1985.
Entry into politics
After his retirement from cricket, Khan became associate degree outspoken critic of presidency misdirection and corruption in Asian nation. He supported his own party, Asian nation Tehreek-e-Insaf (Pakistan Justice Movement; PTI), in 1996. In national elections control the subsequent year, the fresh shaped party won but one p.c of the vote and didn’t win any seats within the National Assembly, however it fared slightly higher within the 2002 elections, winning one seat that Khan stuffed. Khan maintained that vote rigging was responsible for his party’s low vote totals. In October 2007 Khan was among a gaggle of politicians World Health Organization resigned from the National Assembly, protestant Pres. Pervez Musharraf’s drive within the coming presidential election. In November Khan was in short unfree throughout a quelling against critics of Musharraf, World Health Organization had declared a state of emergency. The PTI condemned the state of emergency, that led to mid-December, and boycotted the 2008 national elections to protest Musharraf’s rule.
In spite of the PTI’s struggles in elections, Khan’s advocator positions found support, particularly among kids. He continuing his criticism of corruption and economic difference in Asian nation and opposed the Pakistani government’s cooperation with the u. s. in fighting militants close to the Afghan border. He conjointly launched broadsides against Pakistan’s political and economic elites, whom he defendant of being Westernized and out of bit with Pakistan’s spiritual and cultural norms.
Khan’s writings enclosed someone Race: A Journey Through the Land of the social group Pathans (1993) and Pakistan: a private History (2011).
In the months leading up to the legislative elections scheduled for early 2013, Khan and his party role player giant crowds at rallies and attracted the support of many veteran politicians from Pakistan’s established parties. any proof of Khan’s rising political fortunes came within the type of associate degree enquiry in 2012 that found him to be the foremost well-liked political figure in Asian nation.
Just days before legislative elections in could 2013, Khan dislocated his head and back once he fell from a platform at a campaign rally. He appeared on tv from his single bed hours later to form a final charm to voters. The elections created the PTI’s highest totals nonetheless, however the party still won but [*fr1] the quantity of seats won by the Asian nation Muslim League–Nawaz (PML-N), light-emitting diode by Nawaz Sharif. Khan defendant the PML-N of rigging the elections. once his entails associate degree investigation went unmet, he and alternative opposition leaders light-emitting diode four months of protests in late 2014 so as to pressure Sharif to step down.
The protests did not oust Sharif, however suspicions of corruption were amplified once the Panama Papers coupled his family to offshore holdings. Khan organized a brand new set of protests in late 2016 however known as them off at the moment when the Supreme Court in agreement to open AN investigation. The investigation disqualified Sharif from holding situation in 2017, and he was forced to resign from workplace. Khan, meanwhile, was conjointly discovered to own had offshore holdings however, in a very separate case, wasn’t disqualified by the Supreme Court.
Elections were command the subsequent year, in Gregorian calendar month 2018. Khan ran on a platform of fighting corruption and financial condition, as he had to defend accusations that he was too cozy with the military institution. The PTI won a plurality of seats within the National Assembly, permitting Khan to hunt a coalition with freelance members of the parliament. He became prime minister on August eighteen.
As prime minister, Khan round-faced a mounting balance-of-payments crisis. tho’ the economy was experiencing growth, imports and debt commitments from before his term had skyrocketed in recent years, particularly attributable to the China-Pakistan Economic passageway (CPEC) initiative. simply weeks into his term as prime minister, the crisis worsened once the us withheld $300 million in secure military aid, locution Asian country had not done enough to stem terrorist act. Khan tried to hunt economic aid from “friendly countries” first; as a result of a dozen previous packages from the International fund (IMF) had did not solve Pakistan’s economics issues, his rejection of AN International Monetary Fund bailout mirrored standard fatigue with the International Monetary Fund. when he was unable to secure economic aid on favourable conditions from different countries, however, Asian country submitted missive of invitation for emergency disposal from the International Monetary Fund. He continued to hunt economic aid from different sources and later received guarantees of investments from China, Saudi Arabia, and also the United Arab Emirates.
Aside from appeal economic aid, Khan oversaw many important developments in Pakistan’s foreign relations. The country with success brought the religious movement to negotiations with the us, up relations with the country and with neighbor Afghanistan. In February 2019, in a very show of force against militants in geographical region, United Nations agency had recently staged a suicide attack killing forty Indian security personnel, India launched AN air assault in Asian country for the primary time in 5 decades, raising fears of a brand new conflict between the 2 countries. Asian country downplayed the impact and gave the impression to avoid escalating things. once India once more entered Pakistan’s air area, Asian country shot down 2 fighter jets and captured a pilot however came the pilot to India shortly later on. when the incident, Khan enforced a crushing on militants, issuance arrests, closing an oversized range of non secular colleges, and promising to update existing laws to mirror international standards.
The COVID-19 pandemic, that began in early 2020, aggravated the country’s economic woes. Relative to his critics, Khan was slow to endorse a internment. In distinction, the provincial government in Sindh, controlled by AN opposition party, was fast to implement a strict internment in March. Khan eventually obligatory a nationwide internment in April; in could his government began limiting lockdowns to localities with high infection rates.
Meanwhile, Khan continued to face opposition for his shut relationship with the military institution, his crushing on militants, and also the fragile state of the economy. In late 2020 the most important opposition parties shaped a coalition, the People’s Democratic Movement (PDM), with the expressed goal of skyrocketing the independence of civilian government from the military institution. Protests and rallies organized by the PDM defendant Khan of being a puppet of the military and known as on him to step down. In March 2021 these parties boycotted a vote of confidence initiated by Khan’s government, that he survived narrowly with the support of his coalition partners. Later that year Khan fell out with the military institution when a unsuccessful try by Khan to influence its high posts. As frustrations rose over sustained inflation, the opposition stirred in March 2022 to carry its own vote of confidence; many members of Khan’s party and coalition declared that they failed to shall support him.