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Der Unimog S: ein Stückzahlkönig –

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Properly, the Unimog was from the beginning, and came on very well right away. As his fathers, presented to him in August 1948 in Frankfurt am Main on an exhibition of the German agricultural society, was reflected in the great appeal, in spite of the proud price of at the time, 11.230 Mark in no less than 150 ad Hoc orders.

The renowned Maschinenfabrik Gebrüder Boehringer in Göppingen, Germany could not meet the high demand first. Prior to the Fa. Boehringer had the Fa. Ehrhard & Söhne produced in Schwäbisch Gmünd in the year 1947/48 six prototypes. By the end of 1950, only 600 units of the new Universal-Motor-gerät left the goeppinger halls with their limited capacity, before the Unimog moved together with his designer Director Albert Friedrich, his staff, as well as the production facilities anno 1951 to German: gaggenauer plant of Daimler-Benz. But then it went on and on: 1005 units produced, the statistics recorded for 1951, the following year, the number increases even on 3799 copies.

What a great throw was a success, in the autumn of 1948, the fathers of the Unimog, is shown by the fact that many of the typical characteristics of the original have remained the Unimog up to the present time: four equal-sized wheels, all-wheel drive locking with differential, high-terrain portal axles, power take-offs front and rear and a small platform for the Transport of loads and equipment. Children’s diseases are, also, in the early years of the Unimog is not an issue, the design of the Hand and foot.

It is the aspire to have more
Its potential also goes far beyond the field of agriculture and forestry, in addition to those of the Unimog detention meeting say for sure on the body was made: The original track width of 1,270 millimeters, for example, corresponds exactly to the time interval between two potato rows. This, in turn, was the military, although not care, but the tremendous off-road capability of the new vehicle had on the folks in Uniform immediately, a huge fascination. In 1947, he had proven to be specialists in the U.S. military government in the demonstration of a prototype in Ludwigsburg from the Can impressed.

Everything spoke in favour of the Unimog quickly quasi-dice Cup to attract and make him a particularly off-road-capable Small Truck with a gasoline engine. First steps in this direction took the factory already in the year 1953. Groped on a prototype with the first of 1,400 instead of the usual 1.284 mm track width and a 2.120 mm longer wheelbase (clutch, gearbox, and axles were able to stay in front of this very same) slowly, finally ended up at the first demonstration vehicles from the year 1953 in the case of a 1,600 mm track width and a wheelbase of 2.670 millimeters. The choice for the drive fell on the 2.2 Liter gasoline engine from the 220 sedan.

The French army orders promptly
At the first Demonstration in front of experts of the European defence community (EDC) in the summer of 1953, this vehicle made such a good impression that the French occupying power, immediately the desire to have prototypes expressed. In June of 1954, they promptly got their two delivered. What the French army was for a first large contingent of a total of 1,100 vehicles in order that the Gaggenau starting in may 1955 provided.
Henceforth, the military from all over the world showed great interest in the Unimog S. Handy for the new Unimog was then, that already in 1956, started the rearmament of the Federal Republic of Germany. This year a group of German should decrease from the total of 64.242-built units of the new type S alias Unimog 404 (production continued until 1980) around 36,000 units.

A full-blown platform makes all the difference
Fundamentally, the Unimog difference S from its agricultural-oriented kinship with makeshift fuel ash by his full-grown, of 2,700 millimeters long and 2,000 millimeters wide, the cargo area, which was based in the series and then on a Chassis of 1,630 millimeters, the track width and the beginning of 2.670, starting in 1956, then to 2,900 mm wheelbase. The place of the sedate and cumbersome preferential lühenden pre-chamber diesel engine with 25 HP of the 82 HP six-cylinder diesel was kicked out of the limousine, with the Unimog S was able to almost run twice as fast as its diesel-driven colleagues: 95 km/h was the maximum speed. An easy-to-switching Synchronous instead of the usual claw transmission and Servo in place-hydraulic drum brakes, and 1.5 tons of payload were more characteristics, where the Unimog difference S from its civilian brothers.

Open to any type of building
With these genes, and his open-minded nature towards any type of structure, the Unimog 404 was in the military, now no less varied career than previously in the civilian sector: a Material and a crew Transporter, a tractor for equipment and guns, a mobile weather station, workshop vehicle, ambulance vehicle, or office vehicles are just a few of the many features that served as the Unimog S. Even the air of the country their own Unimog, which could sometimes even by parachute back to mother earth gen sailing had troops.

On request, the factory supplied the Unimog not only with the standard folding soft top (with side Windows behind the Seats stowed), but also with a closed steel cab, and a variant with a 3,000 Millimeter long platform. Especially in this Version, the civilian world also discovered soon the new Unimog for themselves, especially since you can swim along with his 82-horsepower gasoline engine is far better in road traffic than the diesel-driven, on 52 km/h limited Agricultural counterpart from Gaggenau. Up to 4.4 tonnes on the trailer the total weight is allowed to submit, can pull the Unimog’s.
Great piece in all over the world this is a quick Unimog reached pay’s finally in the fire service, it has to in case of emergency, always in a hurry and often over Stock and stone. Whether as a forest fire-fighting vehicle, rescue vehicle, Tanker or Dry – fire engine: The fire protection came and the talents of the Unimog come S in many cases still today particularly well.

A quarter of a century, the concept of wearing
Like the original Unimog of 1948, it was also the Unimog S from 1955, from the beginning, to a highly coherent concept, which had, in spite of the long construction period of a quarter of a century, hardly any major modifications happen. Strictly speaking, the model of care was limited to a few additions to the program: there were, as of 1971 some type with the cabin of the series, 406 (1963 made), as well as the Option to a more powerful engine. As a particularly strong heart under the short bonnet, then acted from 1971 to 1980, the 2.8-Liter big-six cylinder petrol engine M 130, brought it up to 110 HP and gave the Unimog S a top speed of 100 km/h.

Source: Daimler AG

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